Teaching English to beginners - TEFL ideas
- Author: Louisa
- Date: Thursday 8th September 2011
Our handy guide will give you some fresh lesson ideas and approaches for teaching English to beginners
Personally I have always found teaching English to beginners a tough prospect. Why? well, you need to plan how you will instruct and what you will say so much more carefully, grading practically everything you utter lest they get overwhelmed; no more jokey asides or a quick chat with the class about their weekend before you get stuck into the day’s teaching.
But, there is no doubt that beginners offer the biggest scope for rapid improvement and so that is where the rewards are. Keep classes ‘tight’ and focussed and they could go from zero to pre-intermediate in no time at all. Here are some ideas to help you get them there:
1. Build confidence
Most beginners are not complete beginners at all. Use what they know to build confidence and to break through inhibitions. One course book for beginners I have used (sorry, the name escapes me) starts with ‘chapter zero’ which is a street scene. I remember the smiles of relief all round as students happily identified words such as hotel, cafe, bike, street, sun, car etc. when asked ‘what is it?’ from the picture. The result was an easy introduction to English in which everyone could participate - and a real boon to student confidence.
2. Bring in ‘realia’ (real objects)
Use pictures so you don’t need words to explain concrete nouns. Use mime and intonation (when you want a student to self-correct, just repeat their error with a questioning, rising intonation, for example.)
3. Don’t introduce too many new words/phrases
About 7 or 8 might be enough if they are words you want them to actively remember. Then find new ways to reinforce and repeat new vocabulary/phrases and structures through different activities. These might include choral repetition (repeating as a class) matching exercises, gapfills, miming, picture dictations (1 person says, the other draws) and writing dialogues. Just choose a variety of activities to reinforce the same vocabulary so repetition doesn’t get boring.
Ideas for early lessons with beginners:
1. Get them doing something functional
I like to set up a simple shop context because by the end students will know how to ask for things; superb for developing real-life English. The sense of achievement after this lesson is amazing.
A) Bring in shop items like bread, milk etc. (maybe 5 or 6 in total) hold each one up and they repeat the name.
Students pass each item around the class, saying the name of the item as they hand it over.
Test by holding each item in the air while the class repeats the name.
B) Bring a student out to the front and put all the items in front of them on a table.
Say: ‘I’d like some water’. Wait until the student gives it to you. Say: ‘Thank you’.
Repeat for the other items. Reverse roles.
Introduce 1 or 2 extra phrases, such as ‘here you are’.
Get the whole class to repeat ‘I’d like’, ‘thank you’ and ‘here you are.’
C) Students practice in pairs, repeating stage B while you monitor.
Being able to introduce yourself is useful and is also a neat introduction to the important verb ‘to be’. Introduce professions and words like ‘married’ and ‘single’ so they can introduce themselves. Give them new, famous identities and have them introduce their new selves in 1 or 2 sentences. Or, use the famous people to introduce the 3rd person:
'Madonna is female and she is a singer.'
Everyday routines are great because you use the basic present simple tense - and because students can start to string sentences together very quickly. Introduce phrases such as: get up, get dressed, have breakfast, go to work, have dinner, watch TV, go to bed pictorially. Then mime the routine of a whole day while the class speak your actions.
Refine by adding words like ‘and then’ and ‘after that...’
We cover more on teaching English and how to plan lessons for various types of students on our accredited online TESOL training courses
Have you got any tips or good resources for teaching English to beginners? Share them with us below.
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Thanks Louisa, I found that advice really useful and will use your ideas in my lesson plans. There are some great ideas there.
Thanks, Susan for your comment and I'm glad you've found it useful. I am thinking of doing a 'teaching English to beginners 2' at some point....
Thanks Louisa. I'm going to start my first teaching of beginner students. can i have more practical activities?
Yes, Efendi - there are some great online activities here: http://www.manythings.org/e/easy.html and some ideas for the classroom here:
Hope this helps
thanks a lot louisa.actually l was looking for such kinds of opinions about how to teach english for the beginners and l already found out a lot.
Thanks, Birol. I realise I have only really scratched the surface. There is so much more to say but hopefully this is a helpful start.
Thanks madam,for your unconditional contribution as far as teaching language is concerned GOD bless you.
It's the first time I get through this interresting site which I'd discovered haphazardly...I am a teacher of french as a foreign language and I find your ideas very smart!Thank You!